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李靖宇,李新生,严明康,白琴琴.似粘聚力对砂土地层成孔性影响分析[J].河北工程大学自然版,2019,36(1):80-83
似粘聚力对砂土地层成孔性影响分析
Analysis of the Effect of Cohesive Force on the Pore Formation of Sandy Soil
投稿时间:2018-10-22  
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1673-9469.2019.01.017
中文关键词:  砂土地层  似粘聚力  成孔性  稳定性  含水率
英文关键词:sandy soil layer  cohesive force  pore formation  stability  water content
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(41372330)
作者单位
李靖宇 长安大学 地质工程与测绘学院, 陕西 西安 710000 
李新生 长安大学 地质工程与测绘学院, 陕西 西安 710000 
严明康 中国建筑材料工程地质勘察中心广州总队, 广州 510000 
白琴琴 长安大学 地质工程与测绘学院, 陕西 西安 710000 
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中文摘要:
      工程上处理砂土地层作为持力层时,多将其视为粘聚力为零的无粘性土,这种忽视似粘聚力存在的做法过低得估计了土体强度,使得设计参数相对保守,工程造价也因此增加。此外,在砂土地层的基坑中采用土钉支护时,成孔不易,容易坍塌,无法正常施工。本文通过引进非饱和砂土的似粘聚力,采用力学方法对砂土地层进行稳定性分析,得到了砂土地层在孔洞挖成后重分布的应力场及位移场,并且以西安某大厦基坑支护项目为依托,结合Flac3D数值模拟来进行成孔稳定性的分析研究。结果表明,砂土地层的成孔性与砂土似粘聚力相关,在一定的密实度下,砂土的似粘聚力与其含水率有关。在工程实践中,可通过改变砂土含水率来保证砂土地层的土钉成孔。
英文摘要:
      When treating sand layer as a bearing layer, it is regarded as a non-cohesive soil with zero cohesion. This neglect of cohesive force is too low to estimate the strength of the soil, which may lead to relatively conservative design parameters and high engineering cost. In addition, when soil nailing is used in the foundation pit of the sand layer, the hole is not easy to form, and it is easy to collapse and cannot be properly constructed. By introducing the cohesive force of unsaturated sand, In this paper, the mechanical method is used to analyze the stability of the sand layer. The stress field and displacement field redistributed after the hole-forming are obtained., Based on the foundation pit support project of a building in Xi'an, the pore stability is analyzed by numerical simulation software Flac3D. The results show that the pore-forming property of sand-soil layer is related to the clay-like cohesive force. Under a certain degree of compactness, the cohesive force of sand is related to its water content. In the engineering practice, the soil nailing of the sand layer can be ensured by changing the moisture content of the sand.
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